For the hack of it

Career in Cyber Security

Career in Cyber Security

29 February 2012

To check incidents of cyber crime, computer enthusiasts are increasingly taking to ethical hacking. The profession offers  lucrative opportunities in the present scenario. SANGEETA YADAV tells you more

Even though technology has made our lives easier and faster, we have also become vulnerable to an alarming number of threats from unscrupulous people who are out there to rob our confidential data. From tracing the source of terror attacks to nabbing malicious hackers, ethical hackers aka white hat experts are in high demand.

An ethical hacker is an expert in computer securities and network systems, and is hired to check the susceptibility of an organisation’s computer system to any external breach or hacking. He uses the same modus operandi that an unscrupulous hacker may apply. He then identifies the problems or loopholes in the system and drafts a solution for it. They have the ability to identify the source and origin of a disruption or security issue.

“According to NASSCOM report on Information Security (IS) Manpower Demand Estimation, India requires more than 77,000 ethical hackers every year, but is producing a lot less. There is a huge demand for ethical hackers in the corporate and Government world. Most companies nowadays are hiring full time ethical hackers to manage the security in their organisation.

“When I started out in this field, then ethical hacking was just looked upon as a hobby, but now it has become a full time career opportunity with a nice pay package. The job profile is exciting since you are paid money to hack computers,” says ethical hacker Ankit Fadia.


Experts feel that cyber crime is on a rise and a single loophole can create a place for unlawful people to barge in your system.

“Hacking happens due to opportunities in the cyber world. It’s a complete cycle which starts from creating a plan, securing it by implementation, reviewing and again monitoring. A single gap between these steps can create a breakdown in the whole system,” says Amarjeet Singh, senior security engineer at Tulip Telecom Services.

Social networking is also a big factor which has fueled the demand for these professionals. The growth of social networking has also contributed to the increase in cyber attacks, as a plethora of personal information available online is used by attackers to launch spam and other attacks.


“One of the biggest challenge in the computer security industry is the fact that it is dynamic and requires constant upgradation of knowledge and systems. Companies hire ethical hackers to find out any vulnerability that might exist in their network,” says Udit Mittal, CEO, Unison International.


One can pursue BTech, BE, BCA, MTech, ME, MCA, MSC in Cyber Security. There are also certificate courses which are available. Some of the certificate courses are:

  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)
  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
  • Certified Information Systems Manager (CISM)
  • Certified Business Continuity Professional (CBCP)
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Certified Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI)
  • EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA/LPT)
  • GIAC Certified Penetration Tester (GPEN)
  • GIAC Certified Incident Handling Analyst (GCIH)
  • Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)
  • Certified Vulnerability Assessor (CVA)
  • Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
  • Six Sigma Black Belt (SSBB)
  • Certified Software Quality Professional (CSQP)
  • Red Hat Certified Security Specialist (RHCSS)


People who want to pursue a career in ethical hacking should be well-versed with the technical know-how and latest trends in the technological sphere. A person should be equipped with good communication and analytical skills.The aspirants should have knowledge of networking (TCP/IP) concepts and programming language.


  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Security Consultant, (Computing / Networking / Information Technology)
  • Security Engineer
  • Information Systems
  • Penetration Tester
  • Information Security Analyst


“The salaries are also quite lucrative. The starting salaries in this field range between Rs 25,000-35,000 per month and can go up to Rs 50,000 per month.” Fadia tells you


  • Reliance World outlets across India are official training centers for the Ankit Fadia TM Certified Ethical Hacker course (AFCEH)
  • Institute of Information Security, Mumbai
  • National Institute Of Information Security And Technology, Bangalore
  • Cybercom Data Systems, Pune
  • CyCops India Pvt. Ltd, Andhra Pradesh.

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